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The 40 30 20 10 rule to saving and spending money

Last updated :
March 10, 2024

minutes read

The 40/30/20/10 rule is a popular, yet simple guideline for budgeting. Often referred to as the division rule, this guideline helps individuals allocate their income effectively.

The Origins of the 40-30-20-10 Rule

The concept of dividing one's income into specific percentages for various needs isn't new. Financial experts have long advocated for structured budgeting. The 40-30-20-10 rule, while modern in its current form, draws inspiration from age-old financial wisdom, emphasising the importance of living within one's means, saving for the future, and giving back to society.

The 40-30-20-10 guideline is one of the many money rules or rules in finance that aim to simplify the complex world of personal finance. Think of it as a moneysave strategy that provides a clear rule of money.

Effective finance management salary techniques, like the 40-30-20-10 rule, guide individuals on how to save money from salary. It's a salary saving rule that ensures a balanced approach to spending and saving. The 40-30-20-10 rule serves as an effective monthly budgeting plan that can be tailored to individual financial situations.

This rule helps split expenses into clear categories, ensuring a balanced approach to financial management.

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It goes like this:

  • 40% of income should go towards necessities (such as rent/mortgage, utilities, and groceries)
  • 30% should go towards discretionary spending (such as dining out, entertainment, and shopping) - Hubble Money App is just for this.
  • 20% should go towards savings or paying off debt.
  • 10% should go towards charitable giving or other financial goals.

This divide method offers clear division examples on the breakup of salary, helping individuals create a salary budget that caters to all their needs. It's crucial to differentiate between wants and needs. While 'needs' are essential for survival, 'wants' are desires that can be fulfilled based on available funds. Understanding what is want versus need can lead to better financial decisions. Being mindful of the spending of money and understanding where to spend money can lead to better financial health. It's important to note that this is a guideline and not a hard and fast rule.

Consider the 40-30-20-10 rule as a saving formula that ensures you're not just spending, but also saving for the future.

While the 40-30-20-10 rule is popular, some might be familiar with variations like 20:30, 20/30, or even the 10 20 30 rules, which have similar principles but different allocations.

Your financial situation may be unique and so it may require adjustments.

Potential Drawbacks of the 40-30-20-10 Rule

While the 40-30-20-10 rule offers a simplified approach to budgeting, it's essential to understand its potential limitations:

  • One Size Doesn't Fit All: This rule might not suit everyone's financial situation. For instance, someone living in a city with a high cost of living might find the 40% allocation for necessities insufficient.
  • Rigidity: Strictly adhering to this rule might not allow for flexibility in months where unexpected expenses arise.
  • Changing Financial Goals: As life evolves, so do our financial goals. The rule might need adjustments based on life events like marriage, having children, or retirement.

It's worth noting that there are other popular budgeting methods like the 50 20 30 rule, which allocates 50% to needs, 20% to savings, and 30% to wants.

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Key Takeaways

  • The 40-30-20-10 rule is a guideline for budgeting, not a strict rule.
  • It emphasises allocating income towards necessities, discretionary spending, savings, and charitable contributions.
  • Real-life application might require adjustments based on individual financial situations.
  • While beneficial, the rule has potential drawbacks and might not suit everyone.
  • Its origins are rooted in traditional financial wisdom, promoting balanced spending and saving.

Adhering to the rule can lead to improved financial stability and peace of mind.

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Shuaib Azam
Shuaib is a Marketing & Growth lead at Hubble. When he isn't working on growth initiatives, Shuaib writes fiction and doodles space monkeys.

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