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Tax planning and personal finance

Last updated :
March 10, 2024

minutes read

I. Introduction

A. Welcome to our comprehensive guide on tax planning and personal finance.

You've just stumbled upon a treasure trove of tax planning and personal finance wisdom, designed specifically for young Indian professionals like yourself. So, buckle up and get ready for a thrilling ride through the world of money management!

B. We know you're a young Indian employee or a new graduate, so we've tailored this just for you.

We get it. You've got a lot on your plate – your career, your social life, your dreams and aspirations. The last thing you need is a tedious, jargon-filled guide on taxes and finance. That's why we've created this guide – an easy-to-digest, relatable, and (dare we say) fun approach to understanding the world of tax planning and personal finance!

II. Understanding Taxes and Personal Finance in India

A. Let's start by getting to know the Indian tax system.

Ah, taxes – that pesky little thing we all love to hate. But hey, they're what keeps our country running, right? So, let's start by understanding the Indian tax system, which can sometimes feel like a complex, never-ending maze. But don't worry, we're here to guide you through it, one step at a time.

B. We'll cover the two main types of taxes: direct and indirect.

In India, taxes are broadly classified into two categories: direct taxes and indirect taxes. Direct taxes are what you pay directly to the government (think income tax). Indirect taxes, on the other hand, are levied on goods and services (remember the Goods and Services Tax or GST?). We'll dive deep into both these types, so you can finally say, "Taxes? Yeah, I've got them figured out!"

C. What are income tax slabs and rates for individuals like you? We'll find out!

Ever wondered how the government decides how much income tax you should pay? It's all about the tax slabs, my friend! Income tax slabs in India are based on your income, with different rates for different income levels. With the tax regime of 2023, let's break down the new tax slabs, so you know exactly where you stand:

  1. Annual income up to ₹2.5 lakhs: You're in luck! There's no income tax for you.
  2. Annual income from ₹2.5 to ₹5 lakhs: Time to pay 5% in taxes.
  3. Annual income from ₹5 to ₹7.5 lakhs: Your tax rate is now 10%.
  4. Annual income from ₹7.5 to ₹10 lakhs: You're looking at a 15% tax rate.
  5. Annual income from ₹10 to ₹12.5 lakhs: Time to pay 20% in taxes.
  6. Annual income from ₹12.5 to ₹15 lakhs: Your tax rate is now 25%.
  7. Annual income from ₹15 to ₹20 lakhs: And for our high-rolling friends, you're looking at a tax rate of 30%.

No matter where you fall on the income ladder, it's all in the name of progress, right? So, go ahead and embrace the 2023 tax regime with open arms – and a clear understanding of your tax liabilities.

D. And of course, we'll teach you how to file your taxes online.

Remember the good old days when filing taxes meant running around with a bunch of papers, visiting your friendly neighborhood tax consultant, and queuing up at the income tax office? Well, those days are long gone, my friend! Today, you can file your taxes online from the comfort of your home, wearing your favourite pajamas. How cool is that? But don't worry if you're not a tech whiz – we'll walk you through the entire process, step by step. By the time we're done, you'll be a pro at filing your taxes online, and you might even start looking forward to tax season (okay, maybe that's a bit of a stretch!).

III. Tax Planning Basics: Save Money and Invest Smartly

A. Why is tax planning crucial for your financial journey? Let's discuss.

Picture this: You've just received your hard-earned salary, and you're already dreaming of all the things you can buy. But wait! Before you splurge on that shiny new gadget or those fancy shoes, let's talk about tax planning. Sounds boring, right? Well, not anymore!

Tax planning can actually help you save money and invest smartly, so you can live your best life without breaking the bank. Think of tax planning as the guardian angel of your finances, helping you make the most of your income while minimizing your tax liability.

With a little bit of planning and some smart strategies, you can maximize your deductions, save on taxes, and invest in a secure financial future. Now that's something to get excited about!

B. We'll share the steps to create an effective tax plan.

Are you ready to become a tax planning pro? Buckle up because we're about to share some simple steps to help you master the art of tax planning. Here's a quick overview:

  1. Understand your taxable income: Get to know the nitty-gritty of your income, including salary, rental income, interest income, and more.
  2. Calculate your deductions: Identify all the deductions you're eligible for under various sections of the Income Tax Act, like Section 80C for PPF, EPF, and life insurance premiums.
  3. Explore tax-saving investments: Dive into the world of tax-saving investments, such as ELSS mutual funds, PPF, and NPS, and choose the ones that align with your financial goals and risk appetite.
  4. Plan your taxes throughout the year: Keep an eye on your tax planning strategies and make adjustments as needed to avoid any unwelcome surprises during tax season.

By following these steps, you'll be well on your way to mastering tax planning and securing your financial future. So, go ahead and embrace the tax planning journey with confidence and enthusiasm.

C. Choosing the right tax-saving instruments is essential, and we'll guide you through it.

You know that feeling when you're at a buffet and can't decide what to eat because there are just too many delicious options? Well, that's what choosing the right tax-saving instruments can feel like. But don't worry, we're here to help you make the right choices for your unique financial needs.

For example, if you're a risk-averse investor looking for long-term savings, the Public Provident Fund (PPF) might be the perfect choice for you. With its attractive interest rates, tax-free returns, and 15-year lock-in period, PPF is a popular tax-saving instrument among millions of Indians.

On the other hand, if you're willing to take on some risk for potentially higher returns, you might consider investing in Equity-Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS). These mutual funds invest in the stock market and come with a lock-in period of just three years, making them a popular choice among young professionals.

Ultimately, the key to choosing the right tax-saving instruments is understanding your financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment horizon.

So, take your time, do your research, and if needed, consult a financial advisor to help you make the best decisions for your financial future.

IV. Investing in Tax-Saving Instruments

Okay, now that you're all caught up on tax planning, let's talk about investing in some tax-saving instruments. There's a whole variety of options out there, each with its own unique benefits and risks. So, let's dive right in and explore some popular choices that can help you save on taxes while growing your wealth!

A. Fixed deposits - the safe and secure investment option you can rely on.

Fixed deposits (FDs) are like that dependable friend who's always got your back. They're a safe and secure investment option, perfect for those looking for a low-risk way to grow their money. All you have to do is deposit a lump sum for a fixed period, and you'll earn interest on your investment.

For instance, you could invest ₹1 lakh in a 5-year fixed deposit at an interest rate of 6%. At the end of the term, you'll walk away with a cool ₹1.33 lakhs. Plus, investments in tax-saving FDs are eligible for deductions under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, which is just icing on the cake!

B. Public Provident Fund (PPF) - perfect for long-term savings.

If you're looking for a long-term savings plan with attractive interest rates and tax-free returns, say hello to the Public Provident Fund (PPF)! This popular tax-saving instrument comes with a 15-year lock-in period, making it a great choice for planning your future financial goals.

The best part? Your PPF investment, the interest earned, and the maturity amount are all exempt from tax. Plus, you can claim deductions under Section 80C for your PPF contributions. Talk about a win-win!

C. National Pension System (NPS) - start planning your retirement now.

Who says retirement planning is only for the old and wise? With the National Pension System (NPS), you can start securing your golden years right now, no matter your age. NPS is a voluntary, long-term investment plan designed to help you accumulate a retirement corpus and receive a regular pension post-retirement.

What makes NPS a great tax-saving option?

Well, apart from the usual Section 80C deductions, you can also claim an additional deduction of ₹50,000 under Section 80CCD(1B). So, investing in NPS is like getting a head start on your retirement planning while enjoying some sweet tax benefits!

D. Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS) - your entry point to the stock market.

For those of you with an appetite for risk and dreams of big returns, the Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS) is your ticket to the stock market rollercoaster. ELSS is a type of mutual fund that invests primarily in equities, offering the potential for higher returns compared to traditional tax-saving instruments.

The cherry on top?

ELSS comes with a relatively short lock-in period of just three years and allows for deductions under Section 80C. So, if you're ready to ride the waves of the stock market and save on taxes, ELSS might be the perfect investment option for you!

Remember, the key to successful investing is understanding your financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment horizon. So, take your time, explore your options, and make informed decisions to create a tax-saving investment strategy that works for you.

V. Maximizing Your Tax Deductions

Alright, now that you're a tax-saving investment wizard, it's time to learn about maximizing your tax deductions. Because let's face it – who doesn't love saving on taxes? We'll walk you through some popular deductions and help you understand how to make the most of them. Let's get started!

A. What deductions can you claim under Section 80C?

Section 80C is like a treasure trove of tax deductions, with a plethora of options to choose from. You can claim deductions for investments in tax-saving instruments like PPF, EPF, and ELSS, as well as for life insurance premiums, tuition fees, and even repayment of principal on a housing loan.

And the best part?

The maximum amount you can claim under Section 80C is ₹1.5 lakhs. So, make sure you take full advantage of these deductions to save big on taxes!

B. We'll explore Section 80D deductions for health insurance.

Your health is priceless, and the government knows it. That's why they've introduced deductions under Section 80D for health insurance premiums.

You can claim a deduction of up to ₹25,000 for premiums paid for yourself, your spouse, and your kids. And if you're paying for your parent's health insurance (aren't you a gem?), you can claim an additional deduction of up to ₹25,000 (or ₹50,000 if they're senior citizens).

So, stay healthy, stay insured, and save on taxes!

C. Deductions for housing loans and rent - we've got you covered!

Home sweet home! Did you know that you can claim deductions on your housing loan interest under Section 24(b)? Yup, that's right! You can claim up to ₹2 lakhs for self-occupied properties and even more for rented properties.

But wait, there's more! If you're living in a rented house and don't receive House Rent Allowance (HRA), you can claim deductions under Section 10(14) – up to ₹5,000 per month. So, go ahead and make your dream home a reality while enjoying some sweet tax savings.

D. Other tax deductions you should know about? We'll reveal them all.

We know you're hungry for more tax deductions, so here's a quick rundown of some other lesser-known deductions you can claim:

  1. Section 80E: Deduction on interest paid on education loans.
  2. Section 80G: Deduction for donations made to charitable organizations.
  3. Section 80TTA: Deduction of up to ₹10,000 on interest earned from savings accounts.
  4. Section 80CCD(1B): Additional deduction of ₹50,000 for investments in the National Pension System (NPS).

Remember, knowledge is power, especially when it comes to taxes. By understanding and maximizing your tax deductions, you'll not only save money but also pave the way for a secure financial future.

So, keep learning, keep saving, and conquer the tax world with confidence!

VI. Financial Planning for Young Professionals

As you embark on your exciting career journey, it's crucial to have a solid financial plan in place. But don't worry, we've got your back! In here, we'll guide you through creating a personal budget, building an emergency fund, saving for long-term goals, and exploring the world of investments.

Let's dive in and start building a secure financial future together!

A. Time to create a personal budget - we'll show you how.

The first step to financial planning is creating a personal budget. It's like a GPS for your money, helping you navigate through expenses, savings, and investments.

Here's a simple 3-step process to create your budget:

  1. Calculate your monthly income: Include your salary, freelance income, and any other sources.
  2. List your monthly expenses: Don't forget the essentials like rent, groceries, and bills, as well as discretionary expenses like dining out and shopping.
  3. Set saving and investment goals: Aim to save at least 20% of your income and allocate it to various financial goals, like an emergency fund or long-term investments.

With a budget in place, you'll have a clear roadmap to financial success. Just remember to review and update it regularly to stay on track.

B. Building an emergency fund - because life happens.

Life can be unpredictable, and that's why an emergency fund is your financial safety net. This fund should cover 3-6 months' worth of living expenses, just in case you face unexpected situations like job loss or medical emergencies. Start by setting aside a small portion of your income every month, and stash it in a separate savings account or a liquid mutual fund for easy access.

Trust us, your future self will thank you for being prepared!

C. Saving for long-term goals like buying a house or starting a family - let's plan together.

Dreaming of buying your own house or starting a family someday? Let's turn those dreams into reality with smart financial planning!

First, identify your long-term goals and estimate how much money you'll need. Then, start saving and investing systematically to achieve these goals. You can explore options like PPF, ELSS, or even a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) in mutual funds.

Remember, consistency is key, and a little bit of planning today can make a world of difference tomorrow.

D. Investing in stocks, mutual funds, and more - we'll guide you every step of the way.

Ready to dip your toes into the world of investing? We're always here to help you navigate the exciting and often complex realm of stocks, mutual funds, bonds, and more.

To start, educate yourself on the basics of investing and assess your risk appetite. Then, explore various investment options like stocks for capital appreciation, mutual funds for diversification, or bonds for fixed income.

And if you're unsure, don't hesitate to seek professional advice from a financial advisor. Financial planning might seem daunting at first, but with a little guidance and perseverance, you'll be well on your way to achieving financial success.

Go ahead, take the first step, and embrace the journey to a secure and prosperous future!

VII. Avoiding Common Tax Planning and Personal Finance Mistakes

We all make mistakes – after all, we're only human. But when it comes to tax planning and personal finance, some mistakes can be costly. Don't worry, though; we're here to help you steer clear of these pitfalls and sail smoothly through your financial journey.

Buckle up, and let's learn how to avoid some common tax planning and personal finance mistakes together!

A. Procrastinating on tax planning? We'll help you avoid that trap.

Procrastination might be an art form for some, but when it comes to tax planning, it's a big no-no. Waiting until the last minute to plan your taxes can lead to hasty decisions, missed deductions, and even penalties.

Let's break the procrastination habit together!

Start planning your taxes early in the financial year, and review your strategies regularly. This way, you'll have plenty of time to make adjustments and optimize your tax savings. Remember, time is money, especially in the tax world.

B. Diversifying your investments - we'll explain why it's crucial.

Ever heard the saying, "Don't put all your eggs in one basket?" Well, it applies perfectly to investing. Diversifying your investments across different asset classes (stocks, bonds, real estate, etc.) helps spread the risk and protect your portfolio from market volatility.

So that if one investment doesn't perform well, others in your portfolio can make up for it. To diversify effectively, analyze your risk appetite, investment goals, and time horizon, and allocate your assets accordingly.

Always remember, a well-diversified portfolio is your best friend in the world of investing.

C. Keeping track of your expenses - trust us, it's essential.

Let's be honest – tracking expenses might not be the most exciting task, but it's essential for effective financial planning. Keeping a close eye on your expenses helps you identify patterns, spot unnecessary spending, and stay within your budget. You can use a simple spreadsheet or a user-friendly expense-tracking app to make this task more manageable. Trust us, your wallet and your future self will be grateful for this financial discipline!

D. Don't let inflation catch you off guard - we'll show you how to handle it.

Inflation might seem like a pesky mosquito buzzing around your financial plans, but with the right strategies, you can keep it in check.

To combat inflation, focus on investments that have the potential to deliver inflation-beating returns, like stocks, equity mutual funds, or real estate. While it's essential to have a mix of low-risk investments like fixed deposits and PPF, don't rely solely on them, as their returns might not keep up with rising prices.

Stay vigilant, and don't let inflation dampen your financial goals. Now that you're equipped with the knowledge to avoid common tax planning and personal finance mistakes, you're ready to tackle your financial journey head-on.

Keep learning, stay disciplined, and embrace a future of financial freedom and success!

VIII. Empowering Yourself with Financial Education

Knowledge is power, and when it comes to personal finance, the more you know, the better equipped you are to make informed decisions.

Let's embark on a journey of financial education together! We're going to recommend resources, courses, and tips to boost your financial literacy, and before you know it, you'll be a money management maestro. Let's get started!

A. We'll recommend the top personal finance books and blogs for young Indians.

Ready to dive into the world of personal finance literature? We've got you covered!

Here are some must-read books and blogs that'll help you get a handle on your finances: Books:

  1. "Rich Dad Poor Dad" by Robert Kiyosaki
  2. "The Richest Man in Babylon" by George S. Clason
  3. "The Barefoot Investor" by Scott Pape


  1. JagoInvestor
  2. MoneyExcel
  3. BasuNivesh

These resources are filled with practical advice and real-life examples that will resonate with young Indians like you. So, grab a cup of chai, find a cozy spot, and start learning!

B. Want to improve your financial literacy? We'll suggest online courses and workshops.

If you're more of a visual learner or prefer a structured approach, online courses and workshops are a great way to improve your financial literacy.

Here are some popular options to explore:

  1. Financial Education and Training Program (FETP) by NCFE
  2. Financial Literacy by edX
  3. Financial Literacy Certification by Alison

These courses cover everything from budgeting and investing to tax planning and retirement savings, tailored to the needs of young professionals like you. So, hit the enroll button and give your financial knowledge a major upgrade!

C. Stay updated on the latest tax laws and regulations with our tips.

Tax laws and regulations can change frequently, and it's crucial to stay updated to make the most of your tax-saving opportunities.

Here are some tips to help you keep up with the latest developments:

  1. Follow reputable news sources like The Economic Times, Business Standard, and Moneycontrol.
  2. Subscribe to newsletters from financial institutions and tax-related websites.
  3. Join online forums and social media groups dedicated to personal finance and tax planning.

By staying informed, you'll be well-prepared to make smart tax-saving decisions and avoid any unpleasant surprises.

D. Need a mentor or financial advisor? We'll help you find one.

Sometimes, having a mentor or financial advisor to guide you through the maze of personal finance can be a game-changer.

Here's how you can find the right fit:

  1. Seek recommendations from friends, family, or colleagues who have had positive experiences with financial advisors.
  2. Use online platforms like Fee-Only India or Financial Planners' Guild India to find certified professionals.
  3. Attend local financial workshops or seminars to network with experienced advisors.

Remember, choosing the right mentor or financial advisor is essential, so take your time, ask questions, and ensure they align with your financial goals and values.

Now that you have the resources, tips, and support to empower yourself with financial education, it's time to take control of your money and create a brighter financial future.

Keep learning, stay curious, and embrace the journey to financial mastery!

IX. Conclusion

Well, there you have it - your very own guide to tax planning and personal finance, specially curated for young Indian professionals like you!

Remember, managing your finances is a lifelong journey, and we're here to support you every step of the way.

A. Tax planning and personal finance - it's a lifelong journey!

You've come a long way, and now you're armed with the knowledge to navigate the world of taxes and personal finance with confidence. But don't stop here; keep learning, adapting, and growing, because this journey never truly ends.

B. You're now equipped with the knowledge to step into financial success.

With all the tips, tricks, and resources we've shared, you're ready to embark on the road to financial success. Remember, it's all about making informed decisions, staying disciplined, and having a clear vision of your financial goals. You've got this!

X. Resources and References

But wait, there's more! To help you continue your financial journey, we've compiled a list of resources and references for you to explore. Happy learning!

A. Get all the official tax info from these government websites.

For up-to-date tax information and regulations, make sure to check out these official government websites:

Income Tax Department

[Central Board of Direct Taxes]( Central Board of Direct,Historical Background of C.B.D.T.)

B. Check out these online tools for tax planning and personal finance.

Keep track of your finances and plan your taxes efficiently with these helpful online tools: Cleartax



C. Looking for reputable financial advisors and tax consultants? Here's a list!

If you need professional help, consider reaching out to these reputable financial advisors and tax consultants:



Suresh Sadagopan from Ladder7 Financial Advisories

D. Keep learning with our recommended books, blogs, and podcasts.

Stay informed and up-to-date with these fantastic resources:


  • "Money: Master the Game" by Tony Robbins
  • "The Automatic Millionaire" by David Bach



That's it, folks! We hope you found our guide helpful and informative. With the right knowledge and resources, you're well on your way to achieving your financial dreams. So go on, conquer the world of tax planning and personal finance like a pro!

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Shuaib is a Marketing & Growth lead at Hubble. When he isn't working on growth initiatives, Shuaib writes fiction and doodles space monkeys.

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