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Health insurance for Indian employees - A Quick Guide

Last updated :
March 10, 2024
/

minutes read

In India, there are various types of health insurance policies available to individuals and families, ranging from public health insurance schemes offered by the government to private health insurance plans provided by insurance companies. It is essential to understand the differences between these types of policies, as well as the coverage and benefits they provide. By choosing a health insurance policy that suits their needs and budget, individuals can ensure financial security and peace of mind in case of a medical emergeny.

II. Types of health insurance in India

Type of Health InsuranceOverviewExamplesPublic Health InsuranceOffered by the government and provides coverage to low-income individuals and families.Ayushman Bharat - Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY), Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY)Private Health InsuranceOffered by private insurance companies and cater to a wide range of individuals and families.Apollo Munich Health Insurance, HDFC Ergo Health Insurance, Bajaj Allianz Health Insurance, etcGroup Health InsuranceOffered to a group of individuals, such as employees of a company or members of a society.Employer-sponsored health insurance plans, Association/group health insurance plansIndividual Health InsuranceOffered to individuals and their families.Star Health Insurance, Max Bupa Health Insurance, Religare Health Insurance, etc

III. Coverage under health insurance

  1. Benefits of having a health insurance policy: Having a health insurance policy can provide financial security and peace of mind. Health insurance policies provide coverage for a wide range of medical expenses, including hospitalization expenses, doctor consultations, diagnostic tests, and more. In case of a medical emergency, health insurance can help cover the cost of treatment and hospitalization.
  2. Common inclusions and exclusions in health insurance policies: Health insurance policies have inclusions and exclusions that are important to understand. Inclusions are the medical expenses that are covered under the policy, while exclusions are the expenses that are not covered.
  3. For example, most health insurance policies cover hospitalization expenses, but may not cover cosmetic surgeries or alternative therapies. It is important to read the policy documents carefully to understand the coverage, inclusions, and exclusions.

By considering these points, individuals can choose a health insurance plan that suits their needs and budget. It is important to compare plans, read the policy documents carefully, and understand the terms and conditions before purchasing a health insurance policy.

Factors to Consider when Choosing a Health Insurance Policy

When choosing a health insurance policy, there are several factors that need to be considered.

  • Premiums: The premium is the amount you pay for the insurance policy. Make sure that the premium is affordable and fits your budget.
  • Deductibles: A deductible is the amount you pay out of pocket before your insurance coverage kicks in. A policy with a high deductible may have a lower premium, but you'll have to pay more out of pocket in case of a claim.
  • Network hospitals: Check if the policy covers hospitals in your area or city. If a policy has a large network of hospitals, it will be more convenient to access healthcare services.
  • Coverage areas: Some policies may only cover medical expenses incurred in India, while others may have global coverage. Consider your travel plans and choose a policy that suits your needs.
  • Co-payments: A co-payment is a fixed amount that the policyholder needs to pay at the time of availing healthcare services. For example, a policy may require the policyholder to pay 10% of the total cost of treatment. Consider the co-payment percentage and the maximum limit.
  • Waiting periods: Some policies have waiting periods before certain treatments or illnesses are covered. Make sure you understand the waiting period for the policy you choose.

Health insurance for young Indian employees and new graduates

Certainly! Here are some points to consider when it comes to health insurance for young Indian employees and new graduates:

  1. Importance of health insurance for young people: Young people often feel that they don't need health insurance because they are healthy and don't have any major health issues.
  2. However, accidents and illnesses can happen at any time, and healthcare costs can be expensive. Having health insurance can provide financial security and peace of mind.
  3. Options for those entering the workforce for the first time: Young people who are entering the workforce for the first time may not have a lot of money to spend on health insurance.However, there are several options available that are affordable and provide adequate coverage.For example, some employers offer group health insurance plans to their employees. These plans are often cheaper than individual plans and provide coverage for a wide range of medical expenses.Alternatively, young people can consider purchasing individual health insurance plans or family floater plans that cover their parents or other family members.
  4. Tax benefits: Young people can also benefit from tax deductions on their health insurance premiums. Under Section 80D of the Income Tax Act, individuals can claim a deduction of up to INR 25,000 on their health insurance premiums. If they are paying premiums for their parents' health insurance, they can claim an additional deduction of up to INR 25,000.

It is important to compare plans and read the policy documents carefully to understand the coverage, inclusions, and exclusions.

Government Initiatives related to Health Insurance

The government of India has launched various initiatives related to health insurance, such as the Ayushman Bharat scheme,  Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS) and the Employees' State Insurance (ESI) scheme.

  • Ayushman Bharat: Launched in 2018, Ayushman Bharat is a health insurance scheme that provides coverage to low-income individuals and families. The scheme provides cashless hospitalization, diagnostic services, and other healthcare services. Eligible individuals can avail benefits under the scheme by visiting a registered hospital.
  • Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS): CGHS is a health insurance scheme for government employees and pensioners. The scheme provides coverage for medical expenses, hospitalization, and other healthcare services. CGHS has a network of hospitals and diagnostic centers across the country.
  • Employees' State Insurance (ESI): ESI is a social security scheme for employees in the organized sector. The scheme provides coverage for medical expenses, sickness, and disability. ESI has a network of hospitals and dispensaries across the country.
  • Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY): RSBY is a health insurance scheme for individuals below the poverty line. The scheme provides coverage for hospitalization expenses and other healthcare services. Eligible individuals can avail benefits under the scheme by visiting a registered hospital.
  • Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY): PMJAY is a health insurance scheme that provides coverage to low-income families. The scheme provides cashless hospitalization, diagnostic services, and other healthcare services. Eligible individuals can avail benefits under the scheme by visiting a registered hospital.

These government initiatives aim to provide healthcare coverage to eligible individuals and families. It is important to check the eligibility criteria and terms and conditions before availing benefits under these schemes.

Conclusion

In conclusion, health insurance is a crucial aspect of financial planning for individuals and families in India.

It is important to consider various factors, such as premiums, deductibles, network hospitals, and coverage areas, when choosing a policy that meets one's needs and budget. With the availability of government initiatives and various private insurance companies, young Indian employees and new graduates have several options to choose from.

By having a health insurance policy, individuals can protect themselves and their loved ones from unexpected medical expenses and ensure timely medical care.

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Shuaib Azam
Shuaib is a Marketing & Growth lead at Hubble. When he isn't working on growth initiatives, Shuaib writes fiction and doodles space monkeys.

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