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Shravani Mela and Raksha Bandhan: Sacred Rituals and Festive Celebrations in Bihar

Last updated :
July 3, 2024

minutes read

Shravani Mela and Raksha Bandhan are two significant festivals in Bihar, celebrated with immense devotion and enthusiasm. These festivals not only highlight the state's rich cultural heritage but also bring communities together in celebration of sacred rituals and familial bonds.

Raksha Bandhan celebration in Bihar with sisters tying rakhis on brothers' wrists
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Shravani Mela: Significance and Rituals

Shravani Mela, also known as the Kanwar Yatra, is a month-long festival observed during the Hindu month of Shravan (July-August). It involves a pilgrimage to the Baidyanath Jyotirlinga temple in Deoghar, where devotees, known as Kanwariyas, carry holy water from the Ganges at Sultanganj and walk barefoot to the temple to offer the water to Lord Shiva.

This pilgrimage is deeply rooted in Hindu mythology. It is believed that during the Samudra Manthan (churning of the ocean), the poison Halahala emerged, which Lord Shiva drank to save the world. To alleviate the poison's effects, devotees started offering water to Shiva during the month of Shravan. This practice has evolved into the grand Shravani Mela, attracting millions of devotees each year.

Rituals and Practices

Kanwariyas performing rituals at the Baidyanath temple during Shravani Mela for Raksha Bandhan
  • Kanwar Yatra: Devotees walk barefoot for 108 kilometers from Sultanganj to Deoghar, carrying holy water in decorated pots.
  • Jalabhishek: The ritual of pouring the collected holy water on the Shiva lingam at the Baidyanath temple.
  • Fasting and Prayers: Devotees observe fasts and chant prayers throughout the month.

Raksha Bandhan: Celebrating Sibling Bonds

Raksha Bandhan, celebrated on the full moon day of Shravan, coincides with Shravani Mela in Bihar. This festival celebrates the bond between brothers and sisters. Sisters tie a rakhi (sacred thread) on their brothers' wrists, praying for their well-being, while brothers promise to protect their sisters and give them gifts as tokens of their love and commitment.

  • Rakhi Tying Ceremony: Sisters tie rakhis on their brothers' wrists, signifying their prayers and wishes for their brothers' prosperity and safety.
  • Aarti and Prayers: Sisters perform aarti and pray for their brothers' well-being.
  • Gift Exchange: Brothers give gifts to their sisters, reaffirming their bond of protection and love.

Community and Social Celebrations

In Bihar, Raksha Bandhan and Shravani Mela are celebrated with community involvement. Schools, colleges, and community centers organize rakhi tying ceremonies, cultural programs, and communal feasts, fostering unity and reinforcing the spirit of brotherhood among the people.

Unique Traditions and Cultural Integration

The celebrations in Bihar are marked by a blend of traditional and local customs. The integration of various ethnic and tribal traditions makes the festivities vibrant and culturally rich. Folk songs, dances, and local delicacies are integral parts of the celebrations, adding to the festive spirit.

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Modern-Day Celebrations

With advancements in technology, the celebration of Raksha Bandhan has evolved. Families separated by distance use digital means to send e-rakhis and virtual gifts. Despite these modern adaptations, the core essence of the festival—love, protection, and unity—remains unchanged.

Food and Gifts Specific to Bihar

No celebration in Bihar is complete without traditional delicacies and unique gifts. During Raksha Bandhan and Shravani Mela, families prepare and enjoy a variety of special dishes that reflect the region's rich culinary heritage.

Traditional Raksha Bandhan food and feast in Bihar, featuring Litti Chokha and Thekua, highlighting the culinary richness with happy family members
  • Litti Chokha: A traditional Bihari dish made of roasted wheat balls stuffed with sattu (gram flour) and served with mashed vegetables.
  • Thekua: A sweet snack made from wheat flour, jaggery, and ghee, often prepared during festivals.
  • Kadhi Bari: A tangy yogurt-based curry with fried chickpea dumplings.
  • Khaja: A crispy, layered dessert made of flour and sugar syrup.

In terms of gifts, brothers often present their sisters with traditional attire, jewelry, and handcrafted items. Handloom sarees, traditional jewelry, and locally made handicrafts are popular choices. Eco-friendly gifts, such as bamboo products and organic skincare items, are also gaining popularity, aligning with the modern emphasis on sustainability.

Social and Environmental Impact

These festivals also highlight social and environmental consciousness. Eco-friendly rakhis made of biodegradable materials are encouraged to reduce environmental harm. Community activities, such as tree planting drives and cleanliness campaigns, promote environmental awareness and social responsibility.

These efforts underline the importance of sustainability and community welfare, reinforcing the values of protection and care that Raksha Bandhan symbolizes.


Shravani Mela and Raksha Bandhan, celebrated with unique traditions and cultural richness in Bihar, emphasize the region's commitment to unity, social harmony, and environmental consciousness. As the festivals evolve, they continue to retain their core values of love, protection, and communal bonding, making them integral to the social fabric of Bihar. Embracing modernity while upholding timeless traditions, these festivals strengthen familial and community ties.


What is the significance of Shravani Mela in Bihar?

Shravani Mela is a month-long festival where devotees carry holy water from Sultanganj to the Baidyanath Jyotirlinga temple in Deoghar to offer it to Lord Shiva, symbolizing devotion and penance.

How is Raksha Bandhan celebrated in Bihar?

Raksha Bandhan in Bihar involves traditional rituals of rakhi tying, aarti, and gift exchanges. It is celebrated both within families and in community settings.

What are some traditional foods prepared during Raksha Bandhan in Bihar?

Traditional foods include Litti Chokha, Thekua, Kadhi Bari, and Khaja.

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