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Raksha Bandhan in Jharkhand: Blending Tribal and Mainstream Traditions

Last updated :
June 23, 2024

minutes read

Raksha Bandhan, the festival celebrating the bond between brothers and sisters, takes on a unique character in Jharkhand, where it is infused with both tribal and mainstream traditions. This blend of customs creates a rich tapestry of cultural practices that highlight the diversity and unity of the region.

Sister tying a rakhi to a tree during Vriksha Raksha Bandhan, emphasizing environmental consciousness and tradition.
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Historical Background

Jharkhand, known for its significant tribal population, celebrates Raksha Bandhan with a unique blend of traditions. The festival, which signifies the protective bond between siblings, also incorporates local customs that reflect the tribal heritage of the state. This combination of traditions has evolved over time, adding layers of meaning to the celebrations.

Rituals and Practices

  • Traditional Rakhi Tying: Similar to other parts of India, sisters in Jharkhand prepare a puja thali with rakhi, sweets, and other ritual items. They perform aarti, apply tilak on their brothers' foreheads, and tie the rakhi, praying for their well-being.
  • Vriksha Raksha Bandhan: A unique aspect of Raksha Bandhan in Jharkhand is the practice of tying rakhis to trees. This tradition, known as Vriksha Raksha Bandhan, involves women tying rakhis to trees to symbolise their commitment to protecting the environment. This practice is especially significant in tribal communities, where the bond with nature is deeply rooted.
  • Community Celebrations: Villages come together to celebrate with music, dance, and communal feasts. These gatherings often feature traditional tribal music and dances, adding to the festive atmosphere. The community aspect of the celebrations reinforces the bonds among villagers and highlights the collective spirit of the festival.

Unique Tribal Traditions

In Jharkhand, tribal customs add a distinctive flavour to Raksha Bandhan. The tribal communities have their own ways of celebrating, which often include special rituals and ceremonies. For instance, in some villages, the festival involves the worship of local deities, and the rakhis are tied not only to brothers but also to symbols of nature, such as trees and sacred groves. This practice underscores the tribal belief in the interconnectedness of all life.

Modern-Day Celebrations

While traditional customs continue to thrive, modern elements have also been incorporated into the festivities. Families separated by distance often use digital means to send e-rakhis and virtual gifts. Social media and video calls allow families to stay connected and celebrate together, even when they are miles apart. These modern adaptations add a contemporary touch to the age-old traditions, making the celebrations more inclusive and accessible.

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Local Delicacies

Family enjoying local delicacies like Dhuska and Arsa Roti, focusing on the rich culinary heritage of Jharkhand.

Jharkhand is known for its rich culinary heritage, and Raksha Bandhan is the perfect occasion to indulge in local delicacies. Some popular dishes include:

  • Dhuska: A deep-fried rice flour pancake, often served with spicy gram curry. This dish is a staple in Jharkhand and is enjoyed during festive occasions.
  • Arsa Roti: A sweet rice flour roti made with jaggery and ghee. It is a traditional sweet that is commonly prepared during festivals.
  • Handia: A traditional rice beer made by fermenting rice with herbal roots. This drink is an integral part of tribal festivities and social gatherings.

Community and Environmental Impact

Brother and sister celebrating Raksha Bandhan in traditional tribal attire, showcasing the blend of tribal and mainstream traditions.

Raksha Bandhan in Jharkhand also emphasises social responsibility and environmental consciousness. The tradition of Vriksha Raksha Bandhan, where rakhis are tied to trees, serves as a reminder of the importance of conserving nature. Community activities such as tree planting drives and forest protection pledges are organised, reinforcing the values of protection and care that the festival symbolises.


Raksha Bandhan in Jharkhand is a beautiful blend of tribal and mainstream traditions, celebrating the bond between siblings while highlighting the region's unique cultural heritage. The festival not only strengthens familial ties but also fosters a sense of community and environmental stewardship. The integration of modern elements with traditional practices makes the celebrations inclusive and dynamic, reflecting the evolving nature of cultural traditions in Jharkhand.


What are some traditional foods prepared during Raksha Bandhan in Jharkhand?

Traditional foods include Dhuska (deep-fried rice flour pancakes), Arsa Roti (sweet rice flour roti), and Handia (traditional rice beer). These dishes are enjoyed during festive celebrations and reflect the rich culinary heritage of Jharkhand.

How is Raksha Bandhan celebrated in Jharkhand?

Raksha Bandhan in Jharkhand involves traditional rakhi tying, Vriksha Raksha Bandhan (tying rakhis to trees), community celebrations with music and dance, and the preparation of local delicacies. The festival also includes worship of local deities and emphasises environmental conservation.

What is unique about the Raksha Bandhan celebrations in Jharkhand?

The unique aspect is the blend of tribal customs with mainstream traditions, including the practice of Vriksha Raksha Bandhan, where rakhis are tied to trees to symbolise environmental protection. The celebration reflects the cultural richness of the state and the communal spirit of its people.

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